Whether you live in a Natural Cave or a Man Made Cave either way…
Caves are the new Cool abodes!
They are undoubtedly the most ecologically friendly homes and in light of increasing heat and unsettled weather may provide us with the best shelters of all!
Think about it. When combined with an alternative energy system, they may be the most self sustaining form of dwelling you could have. Not only that, they might be the quietest dwelling you’ve ever owned.
Caves have always been a place of refuge. Early man of all types, Neanderthals, Cro-magnon, Anasazi and you name it, found depressions in rock that shielded themselves from the elements. Whether it be too hot or too cold, these humans could hide from enemies, the blazing sun or build fires and protect themselves from winters freezing storms.
Europe has the history of troglodyte dwellings, from the Loire Valley in France to, Southern Spain and Italy cave dwellings have been used for centuries by modern man and for milleniums by cavemen.
The definition of today’s “Troglodyte” is not necessarily a good one. In the Urban Dictionary, they refer to one who is “A person considered to be reclusive, reactionary, out of date, or brutish.”
While the more appropriate definition for this blog would be one for the true cave dweller or “a member of any of various peoples (as in antiquity) who lived or were reputed to live chiefly in cave.”
The origin of the word Troglodyte is indeed derived from Greek. It is said to have first been used as a word in 1555.
“Latin troglodytae, plural, from Greek trōglodytai, from trōglē hole, cave (akin to Greek trōgein to gnaw, Armenian aracem I lead to pasture, graze) + dyein to enter”
Here are a couple of areas where Caves have met the needs of the people for generations!
I was listening to a program about caves in Southern Italy the other day. The history is long where early man lived in these caves to World War II where people were forced to live there for safety. A lot of homeless or disenfranchised people lived there for decades when all of sudden these caves became hip.
“Known as “la Città Sotterranea” (the Subterranean City), Matera is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and is well known for its historical center called “Sassi“, considered World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1993, along with the Park of the Rupestrian Churches.”
“Matera has gained international fame for its ancient town, the “Sassi di Matera” (meaning “stones of Matera”). The Sassi originate from a prehistoric (troglodyte) settlement, and are suspected to be some of the first human settlements in Italy.”
“Until the late 1980s this was considered an area of poverty, since these houses were, and in most areas still are, mostly unlivable. Current local administration, however, has become more tourism-oriented, and has promoted the re-generation of the Sassi with the aid of the European Union, the government, UNESCO, and Hollywood. Today there are many thriving businesses, pubs, and hotels.”
Coober Pedy, Australia
Opals were discovered in Coober Pedy, Australia in 1915 and since then men and women have traveled there in search of their fortunes by mining!
Opals can be milky white to black and firey! The more fire they have the more they are valued!
Because the temperatures in this part of Australia often range above 40 degrees C (or 100 degrees + in Fahrenheit), the early settlers did what they knew best…Dug holes in the ground to live in!
“Coober Pedy is renowned for its below-ground residences, called “dugouts”, which are built due to the scorching daytime heat. The name “Coober Pedy” comes from the local Aboriginal term kupa-piti, which means “white man’s hole”.”
Thats not a very flattering name for the man made caves of Coober Pedy but is descriptive.
Many of the smaller mines are dangerous and the miners must be careful as they dig. these mines are certainly less destructive than the larger mines. Open pit mining causes mass destruction of surface resources when larger enterprises use heavy equipment to excavate.
Native Americans have always utilized their natural surroundings for survival. Many of the Cliff Dwellings throughout the Southwest were built out of necessity. It was both a time of extreme drought as well as overpopulation in some areas of the Southwest. The scarcity of water forced the people to find the best areas with both protection from the elements, an ample water supply, and a defensible position that would protect them from other tribes.
The Montezuma Castle Cliff dwellings are a prime example of one of these sites.
Other Cave Dwelling Areas of the World
Here are a couple of more areas for you to investigate. Remember this is only a fraction of the cave areas in the world.
Guadix/Alhambra Spain is one of the first areas I ever knew about long term troglodyte communities. As I passed along on a train one winter day many years ago, I was fascinated by the number of caves in the rock limestone outcrops. The stunning thing was that there were people living in them!
Early Cavemen used many of the Southern Spain caves.
Today, many of these cave dwellings have been converted as rental dwellings. You too can visit and stay in one of theses environmentally comfortable homes!
Loire River Valley
In France, where limestone is abundant, there are many historic and prehistoric caves. The occupation by man goes back to the neanderthals! Their ability to forage for plants and move up and down the Loire River made it a perfect place for our ancient peoples to survive.
Nowadays because of the rich limestone based soils Wineries abound. Wine casks are aged in the caves once occupied by Neanderthals may give a special meaning to an “Old Vintage!”
The Food Republic has a blog on the Loire River Wines and Wineries that encourage you to stay in their Cave Rooms for the Cave Man or Cave Woman in you! Check it out.
So How does Troglodyte living apply to Adaptation?
If indeed we are going to get warmer and warmer of the next generation or two, Caves are going to be highly sought after to live in. Why not? With all the environmental controls in place this dwelling will be the cheapest around.
Buy your cave now!