Last week I looked at Australia. This week I’m looking at India!
India is a fascinating Country that has a complicated past and will definitely have a complicated future. From their rich history to outsourced call centers for Cable TV and Cellphone service, their mainstream Slumdog Millionaire movie to their many other wonderful Bollywood Movies, people around the world thirst to know more about India.
Environmentally, India’s per capita carbon emissions are low, wikipedia shows them to be #145 in the world with 1.4 metric ton per person per year. This contrasts extremely with the #1 user Qatar at 44 tons , Australia at #10 with 18.3 tons and the U.S. at #11 with 17.2 tons. The latest population estimate for India is 1.27 Billion people with 50% of them under 25 years of age (equals 1.778 billion tons CO2). India will be a force to reckon with in the future. Unfortunately their population and their thirst for modern western conveniences will all add up environmentally and they must be proactive in keeping they’re consumption rates low yet provide improvement in power, water and the basic services.
For a list of all countries carbon emissions go to the link below;
The most complete document that I could find on the Environmental actions in India was the 2006 National Environmental Policy
This document outlines the complexities with which India must balance their growth and their role in global carbon emissions. The partial text from this document outlines their strategy to climate change.
There are 24 Environmental initiatives that the Indian Government planned to implement in 2010.
Some of the initiatives included in this list are;
An Action Plan on Climate change, Solar City Initiative, Fuel Efficiency Norms, Advances in forestry, to launching a Satellite to Monitor Green House Gases.
The full list can be found in the following site;
India implemented a climate change policy in 2008. In that policy it outlined eight national missions it hoped to complete by 2017.
Climate Science and Policy, an international group based in Italy met P.R. Shukla, at a the at the Climate policy Outreach Final Conference and interviewed him about Indias future. Shukla, is a professor and member of the Public Systems Group at the Indian Institute of Management (IIM – Ahmedabad, India ) and an expert in energy and environment modeling and policies. Shukla explained during this interview how India is facing the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic growth while dealing with the global threat of climate change, and emphasized the crucial role of India in international negotiations to reach a fair agreement, based on equity and fairness.
India’s National Action plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was released on 30 June 2008. It describes how India intends to address the issue of climate change and identifies a number of steps to simultaneously advance India’s development and climate change related goals regarding adaptation and mitigation.
The NAPCC outlines eight national missions, which will be carried out by 2017: 1) the national solar mission; 2) the national mission for enhanced energy efficiency; 3) the national mission on sustainable habitats; 4) the national water mission; 5) the national mission for sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem; 6) the national mission for a green India; 7) the national mission for sustainable agriculture; 8 ) the national mission on strategic knowledge for climate change.
Other excerpts from that article include;
“India has the largest number of poor people in the world; 45% of its children are malnourished, yet it has more billionaires than Japan and its middle class strives for western consumption standards. It has advanced space and nuclear programs and has achieved leadership in a wide range of technologies from information and software technologies to solar power. Nevertheless, official estimates reveal that nearly 600 million Indians still do not have access to electricity.”
India is a major player in the future as it’s growth cannot be denied and it’s use of the world resources will only increase.
For the full interview go to the Climate Science and Policy link;
India’s future decisions on improving their infrastructure and standard of living will be critical to the world. If they can maintain their low carbon emissions per capita we will all benefit.